1 - Autoscaling configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml autoscaling configuration specification reference

Cluster Autoscaling (Optional)

Cluster Autoscaler configuration in EKS Anywhere cluster spec

EKS Anywhere supports autoscaling worker node groups using the Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler ’s clusterapi cloudProvider.

  • Configure a worker node group to be picked up by a cluster autoscaler deployment by adding a autoscalingConfiguration block to the workerNodeGroupConfiguration:
    apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
    kind: Cluster
    metadata:
      name: my-cluster-name
    spec:
      workerNodeGroupConfigurations:
        - autoscalingConfiguration:
            minCount: 1
            maxCount: 5
          machineGroupRef:
            kind: VSphereMachineConfig
            name: worker-machine-a
          name: md-0
        - count: 1
          autoscalingConfiguration:
            minCount: 1
            maxCount: 3
          machineGroupRef:
            kind: VSphereMachineConfig
            name: worker-machine-b
          name: md-1
    

Note that if no count is specified it will default to the minCount value.

EKS Anywhere will automatically apply the following annotations to your MachineDeployment objects:

cluster.x-k8s.io/cluster-api-autoscaler-node-group-max-size: <minCount>
cluster.x-k8s.io/cluster-api-autoscaler-node-group-max-size: <maxCount>

After deploying the Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler from upstream or as a curated package , the deployment will pick up your MachineDeployment and scale the nodes as per your min and max count values.

Cluster Autoscaler Deployment Topologies

The Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler can only scale a single cluster per deployment.

This means that each cluster you want to scale will need its own cluster autoscaler deployment.

We support three deployment topologies:

  1. Cluster Autoscaler deployed in the management cluster to autoscale the management cluster itself
  2. Cluster Autoscaler deployed in the management cluster to autoscale a remote workload cluster
  3. Cluster Autoscaler deployed in the workload cluster to autoscale the workload cluster itself

If your cluster architecture supports management clusters with resources to run additional workloads, you may want to consider using deployment topologies (1) and (2). Instructions for using this topology can be found here .

If your deployment topology runs small management clusters though, you may want to follow deployment topology (3) and deploy the cluster autoscaler to run in a workload cluster .

2 - CNI plugin configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml cni plugin specification reference

Specifying CNI Plugin in EKS Anywhere cluster spec

EKS Anywhere currently supports two CNI plugins: Cilium and Kindnet. Only one of them can be selected for a cluster, and the plugin cannot be changed once the cluster is created. Up until the 0.7.x releases, the plugin had to be specified using the cni field on cluster spec. Starting with release 0.8, the plugin should be specified using the new cniConfig field as follows:

  • For selecting Cilium as the CNI plugin:

    apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
    kind: Cluster
    metadata:
      name: my-cluster-name
    spec:
      clusterNetwork:
        pods:
          cidrBlocks:
          - 192.168.0.0/16
        services:
          cidrBlocks:
          - 10.96.0.0/12
        cniConfig:
          cilium: {}
    

    EKS Anywhere selects this as the default plugin when generating a cluster config.

  • Or for selecting Kindnetd as the CNI plugin:

    apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
    kind: Cluster
    metadata:
      name: my-cluster-name
    spec:
      clusterNetwork:
        pods:
          cidrBlocks:
          - 192.168.0.0/16
        services:
          cidrBlocks:
          - 10.96.0.0/12
        cniConfig:
          kindnetd: {}
    

NOTE: EKS Anywhere allows specifying only 1 plugin for a cluster and does not allow switching the plugins after the cluster is created.

Policy Configuration options for Cilium plugin

Cilium accepts policy enforcement modes from the users to determine the allowed traffic between pods. The allowed values for this mode are: default, always and never. Please refer the official Cilium documentation for more details on how each mode affects the communication within the cluster and choose a mode accordingly. You can choose to not set this field so that cilium will be launched with the default mode. Starting release 0.8, Cilium’s policy enforcement mode can be set through the cluster spec as follows:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: my-cluster-name
spec:
  clusterNetwork:
    pods:
      cidrBlocks:
      - 192.168.0.0/16
    services:
      cidrBlocks:
      - 10.96.0.0/12
    cniConfig:
      cilium: 
        policyEnforcementMode: "always"

Please note that if the always mode is selected, all communication between pods is blocked unless NetworkPolicy objects allowing communication are created. In order to ensure that the cluster gets created successfully, EKS Anywhere will create the required NetworkPolicy objects for all its core components. But it is up to the user to create the NetworkPolicy objects needed for the user workloads once the cluster is created.

Network policies created by EKS Anywhere for “always” mode

As mentioned above, if Cilium is configured with policyEnforcementMode set to always, EKS Anywhere creates NetworkPolicy objects to enable communication between its core components. EKS Anywhere will create NetworkPolicy resources in the following namespaces allowing all ingress/egress traffic by default:

  • kube-system
  • eksa-system
  • All core Cluster API namespaces:
    • capi-system
    • capi-kubeadm-bootstrap-system
    • capi-kubeadm-control-plane-system
    • etcdadm-bootstrap-provider-system
    • etcdadm-controller-system
    • cert-manager
  • Infrastructure provider’s namespace (for instance, capd-system OR capv-system)
  • If Gitops is enabled, then the gitops namespace (flux-system by default)

This is the NetworkPolicy that will be created in these namespaces for the cluster:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: allow-all-ingress-egress
  namespace: test
spec:
  podSelector: {}
  ingress:
  - {}
  egress:
  - {}
  policyTypes:
  - Ingress
  - Egress

Switching the Cilium policy enforcement mode

The policy enforcement mode for Cilium can be changed as a part of cluster upgrade through the cli upgrade command.

  1. Switching to always mode: When switching from default/never to always mode, EKS Anywhere will create the required NetworkPolicy objects for its core components (listed above). This will ensure that the cluster gets upgraded successfully. But it is up to the user to create the NetworkPolicy objects required for the user workloads.

  2. Switching from always mode: When switching from always to default mode, EKS Anywhere will not delete any of the existing NetworkPolicy objects, including the ones required for EKS Anywhere components (listed above). The user must delete NetworkPolicy objects as needed.

Node IPs configuration option

Starting with release v0.10, the node-cidr-mask-size flag for Kubernetes controller manager (kube-controller-manager) is configurable via the EKS anywhere cluster spec. The clusterNetwork.nodes being an optional field, is not generated in the EKS Anywhere spec using generate clusterconfig command. This block for nodes will need to be manually added to the cluster spec under the clusterNetwork section:

  clusterNetwork:
    pods:
      cidrBlocks:
      - 192.168.0.0/16
    services:
      cidrBlocks:
      - 10.96.0.0/12
    cniConfig:
      cilium: {}
    nodes:
      cidrMaskSize: 24

If the user does not specify the clusterNetwork.nodes field in the cluster yaml spec, the value for this flag defaults to 24 for IPv4. Please note that this mask size needs to be greater than the pods CIDR mask size. In the above spec, the pod CIDR mask size is 16 and the node CIDR mask size is 24. This ensures the cluster 256 blocks of /24 networks. For example, node1 will get 192.168.0.0/24, node2 will get 192.168.1.0/24, node3 will get 192.168.2.0/24 and so on.

To support more than 256 nodes, the cluster CIDR block needs to be large, and the node CIDR mask size needs to be small, to support that many IPs. For instance, to support 1024 nodes, a user can do any of the following things

  • Set the pods cidr blocks to 192.168.0.0/16 and node cidr mask size to 26
  • Set the pods cidr blocks to 192.168.0.0/15 and node cidr mask size to 25

Please note that the node-cidr-mask-size needs to be large enough to accommodate the number of pods you want to run on each node. A size of 24 will give enough IP addresses for about 250 pods per node, however a size of 26 will only give you about 60 IPs. This is an immutable field, and the value can’t be updated once the cluster has been created.

3 - IAM for Pods configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster spec for Pod IAM (IRSA)

IAM Role for Service Account on EKS Anywhere clusters with self-hosted signing keys

IAM Roles for Service Account (IRSA) enables applications running in clusters to authenticate with AWS services using IAM roles. The current solution for leveraging this in EKS Anywhere involves creating your own OIDC provider for the cluster, and hosting your cluster’s public service account signing key. The public keys along with the OIDC discovery document should be hosted somewhere that AWS STS can discover it. The steps below assume the keys will be hosted on a publicly accessible S3 bucket. Refer this doc to ensure that the s3 bucket is publicly accessible.

The steps below are based on the guide for configuring IRSA for DIY Kubernetes, with modifications specific to EKS Anywhere’s cluster provisioning workflow. The main modification is the process of generating the keys.json document. As per the original guide, the user has to create the service account signing keys, and then use that to create the keys.json document prior to cluster creation. This order is reversed for EKS Anywhere clusters, so you will create the cluster first, and then retrieve the service account signing key generated by the cluster, and use it to create the keys.json document. The sections below show how to do this in detail.

Create an OIDC provider and make its discovery document publicly accessible

  1. Create an s3 bucket to host the public signing keys and OIDC discovery document for your cluster as per this section. Ensure you follow all the steps and save the $HOSTNAME and $ISSUER_HOSTPATH.

  2. Create the OIDC discovery document as follows:

    cat <<EOF > discovery.json
    {
        "issuer": "https://$ISSUER_HOSTPATH",
        "jwks_uri": "https://$ISSUER_HOSTPATH/keys.json",
        "authorization_endpoint": "urn:kubernetes:programmatic_authorization",
        "response_types_supported": [
            "id_token"
        ],
        "subject_types_supported": [
            "public"
        ],
        "id_token_signing_alg_values_supported": [
            "RS256"
        ],
        "claims_supported": [
            "sub",
            "iss"
        ]
    }
    EOF
    
  3. Upload it to the publicly accessible S3 bucket:

    aws s3 cp --acl public-read ./discovery.json s3://$S3_BUCKET/.well-known/openid-configuration
    
  4. Create an OIDC provider for your cluster. Set the Provider URL to https://$ISSUER_HOSTPATH, and audience to sts.amazonaws.com.

  5. Note down the Provider field of OIDC provider after it is created.

  6. Assign an IAM role to this OIDC provider.

    1. To do so from the AWS console, select and click on the OIDC provider, and click on Assign role at the top right.

    2. Select Create a new role.

    3. In the Select type of trusted entity section, choose Web identity.

    4. In the Choose a web identity provider section:

      • For Identity provider, choose the auto selected Identity Provider URL for your cluster.
      • For Audience, choose sts.amazonaws.com.
    5. Choose Next: Permissions.

    6. In the Attach Policy section, select the IAM policy that has the permissions that you want your applications running in the pods to use.

    7. Continue with the next sections of adding tags if desired and a suitable name for this role and create the role.

    8. Below is a sample trust policy of IAM role for your pods. Remember to replace Account ID and ISSUER_HOSTPATH with required values.

      {
       "Version": "2012-10-17",
       "Statement": [
        {
         "Effect": "Allow",
         "Principal": {
          "Federated": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:oidc-provider/ISSUER_HOSTPATH"
         },
         "Action": "sts:AssumeRoleWithWebIdentity",
         "Condition": {
          "__doc_comment": "scope the role to the service account (optional)",
          "StringEquals": {
           "ISSUER_HOSTPATH:sub": "system:serviceaccount:default:my-serviceaccount"
          },
          "__doc_comment": "OR scope the role to a namespace (optional)",
          "StringLike": {
           "ISSUER_HOSTPATH/CLUSTER_ID:sub": ["system:serviceaccount:default:*","system:serviceaccount:observability:*"]
          }
         }
        }
       ]
      }
      
    9. After the role is created, note down the name of this IAM Role as OIDC_IAM_ROLE.

    10. Once the cluster is created, you can create service accounts and grant them this role by editing the trust relationship of this role. You can use StringLike condition to add required service accounts, as mentioned in the above sample. Please also refer to section Configure the trust relationship for the OIDC provider’s IAM Role .

Create the EKS Anywhere cluster

  1. When creating the EKS Anywhere cluster, you need to configure the kube-apiserver’s service-account-issuer flag so it can issue and mount projected service account tokens in pods. For this, use the value obtained in the first section for $ISSUER_HOSTPATH as the service-account-issuer. Configure the kube-apiserver by setting this value through the EKS Anywhere cluster spec as follows:
    apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
    kind: Cluster
    metadata:
      name: my-cluster-name
    spec:
      podIamConfig:
        serviceAccountIssuer: https://$ISSUER_HOSTPATH
    

Set the remaining fields in cluster spec as required and create the cluster using the eksctl anywhere create cluster command.

Generate keys.json and make it publicly accessible

  1. The cluster provisioning workflow generates a pair of service account signing keys. Retrieve the public signing key generated and used by the cluster, and create a keys.json document containing the public signing key.

    git clone https://github.com/aws/amazon-eks-pod-identity-webhook
    cd amazon-eks-pod-identity-webhook
    kubectl get secret ${CLUSTER_NAME}-sa -n eksa-system -o jsonpath={.data.tls\\.crt} | base64 --decode > ${CLUSTER_NAME}-sa.pub    
    go run ./hack/self-hosted/main.go -key ${CLUSTER_NAME}-sa.pub | jq '.keys += [.keys[0]] | .keys[1].kid = ""' > keys.json
    
  2. Upload the keys.json document to the s3 bucket.

    aws s3 cp --acl public-read ./keys.json s3://$S3_BUCKET/keys.json
    

Deploy pod identity webhook

  1. After hosting the service account public signing key and OIDC discovery documents, the applications running in pods can start accessing the desired AWS resources, as long as the pod is mounted with the right service account tokens. This part of configuring the pods with the right service account tokens and env vars is automated by the amazon pod identity webhook . Once the webhook is deployed, it mutates any pods launched using service accounts annotated with eks.amazonaws.com/role-arn

  2. Clone amazon-eks-pod-identity-webhook if not done already.

  3. Set the $KUBECONFIG env var to the path of the EKS Anywhere cluster.

  4. Update amazon-eks-pod-identity-webhook/deploy/auth.yaml with OIDC_IAM_ROLE and other annotations as mentioned in sample below.

    apiVersion: v1
    kind: ServiceAccount
    metadata:
      name: my-serviceaccount
      namespace: default
      annotations:
        # set this with value of OIDC_IAM_ROLE      
        eks.amazonaws.com/role-arn: "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/s3-reader"
        # optional: Defaults to "sts.amazonaws.com" if not set
        eks.amazonaws.com/audience: "sts.amazonaws.com"
        # optional: When set to "true", adds AWS_STS_REGIONAL_ENDPOINTS env var
        #   to containers
        eks.amazonaws.com/sts-regional-endpoints: "true"
        # optional: Defaults to 86400 for expirationSeconds if not set
        #   Note: This value can be overwritten if specified in the pod 
        #         annotation as shown in the next step.
        eks.amazonaws.com/token-expiration: "86400"
    
  5. Run the following command:

    make cluster-up IMAGE=amazon/amazon-eks-pod-identity-webhook:latest
    
  6. You can validate IRSA by using test steps mentioned here . Ensure awscli pod is deployed in same namespace of ServiceAccount pod-identity-webhook.

Configure the trust relationship for the OIDC provider’s IAM Role

In order to grant certain service accounts access to the desired AWS resources, edit the trust relationship for the OIDC provider’s IAM Role (OIDC_IAM_ROLE) created in the first section, and add in the desired service accounts.

  1. Choose the role in the console to open it for editing.

  2. Choose the Trust relationships tab, and then choose Edit trust relationship.

  3. Find the line that looks similar to the following:

    "$ISSUER_HOSTPATH:aud": "sts.amazonaws.com"
    
  4. Change the line to look like the following line. Replace aud with sub and replace KUBERNETES_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE and KUBERNETES_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with the name of your Kubernetes service account and the Kubernetes namespace that the account exists in.

    "$ISSUER_HOSTPATH:sub": "system:serviceaccount:KUBERNETES_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAMESPACE:KUBERNETES_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME"
    
  5. Refer this doc for different ways of configuring one or multiple service accounts through the condition operators in the trust relationship.

  6. Choose Update Trust Policy to finish.

4 - etcd configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml etcd specification reference

There are two types of etcd topologies for configuring a Kubernetes cluster:

  • Stacked: The etcd members and control plane components are colocated (run on the same node/machines)
  • Unstacked/External: With the unstacked or external etcd topology, etcd members have dedicated machines and are not colocated with control plane components

The unstacked etcd topology is recommended for a HA cluster for the following reasons:

  • External etcd topology decouples the control plane components and etcd member. So if a control plane-only node fails, or if there is a memory leak in a component like kube-apiserver, it won’t directly impact an etcd member.
  • Etcd is resource intensive, so it is safer to have dedicated nodes for etcd, since it could use more disk space or higher bandwidth. Having a separate etcd cluster for these reasons could ensure a more resilient HA setup.

EKS Anywhere supports both topologies. In order to configure a cluster with the unstacked/external etcd topology, you need to configure your cluster by updating the configuration file before creating the cluster. This is a generic template with detailed descriptions below for reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
   name: my-cluster-name
spec:
   clusterNetwork:
      pods:
         cidrBlocks:
            - 192.168.0.0/16
      services:
         cidrBlocks:
            - 10.96.0.0/12
      cniConfig:
         cilium: {}
   controlPlaneConfiguration:
      count: 1
      endpoint:
         host: ""
      machineGroupRef:
         kind: VSphereMachineConfig
         name: my-cluster-name-cp
   datacenterRef:
      kind: VSphereDatacenterConfig
      name: my-cluster-name
   # etcd configuration
   externalEtcdConfiguration:
      count: 3
      machineGroupRef:
        kind: VSphereMachineConfig
        name: my-cluster-name-etcd
   kubernetesVersion: "1.19"
   workerNodeGroupConfigurations:
      - count: 1
        machineGroupRef:
           kind: VSphereMachineConfig
           name: my-cluster-name
        name: md-0

externalEtcdConfiguration (under Cluster)

This field accepts any configuration parameters for running external etcd.

count (required)

This determines the number of etcd members in the cluster. The recommended number is 3.

machineGroupRef (required)

5 - AWS IAM Authenticator configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml specification AWS IAM Authenticator reference

AWS IAM Authenticator support (optional)

EKS Anywhere can create clusters that support AWS IAM Authenticator-based api server authentication. In order to add IAM Authenticator support, you need to configure your cluster by updating the configuration file before creating the cluster. This is a generic template with detailed descriptions below for reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
   name: my-cluster-name
spec:
   ...
   # IAM Authenticator support
   identityProviderRefs:
      - kind: AWSIamConfig
        name: aws-iam-auth-config
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: AWSIamConfig
metadata:
   name: aws-iam-auth-config
spec:
    awsRegion: ""
    backendMode:
        - ""
    mapRoles:
        - roleARN: arn:aws:iam::XXXXXXXXXXXX:role/myRole
          username: myKubernetesUsername
          groups:
          - ""
    mapUsers:
        - userARN: arn:aws:iam::XXXXXXXXXXXX:user/myUser
          username: myKubernetesUsername
          groups:
          - ""
    partition: ""

identityProviderRefs (Under Cluster)

List of identity providers you want configured for the Cluster. This would include a reference to the AWSIamConfig object with the configuration below.

awsRegion (required)

  • Description: awsRegion can be any region in the aws partition that the IAM roles exist in.
  • Type: string

backendMode (required)

  • Description: backendMode configures the IAM authenticator server’s backend mode (i.e. where to source mappings from). We support EKSConfigMap and CRD modes supported by AWS IAM Authenticator, for more details refer to backendMode
  • Type: string
  • Description: When using EKSConfigMap backendMode, we recommend providing either mapRoles or mapUsers to set the IAM role mappings at the time of creation. This input is added to an EKS style ConfigMap. For more details refer to EKS IAM

  • Type: list object

    roleARN, userARN (required)

    • Description: IAM ARN to authenticate to the cluster. roleARN specifies an IAM role and userARN specifies an IAM user.
    • Type: string

    username (required)

    • Description: The Kubernetes username the IAM ARN is mapped to in the cluster. The ARN gets mapped to the Kubernetes cluster permissions associated with the username.
    • Type: string

    groups

    • Description: List of kubernetes user groups that the mapped IAM ARN is given permissions to.
    • Type: list string

partition

  • Description: This field is used to set the aws partition that the IAM roles are present in. Default value is aws.
  • Type: string

6 - OIDC configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml specification OIDC reference

OIDC support (optional)

EKS Anywhere can create clusters that support api server OIDC authentication.

In order to add OIDC support, you need to configure your cluster by updating the configuration file to include the details below. The OIDC configuration can be added at cluster creation time, or introduced via a cluster upgrade in VMware and CloudStack.

This is a generic template with detailed descriptions below for reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
   name: my-cluster-name
spec:
   ...
   # OIDC support
   identityProviderRefs:
      - kind: OIDCConfig
        name: my-cluster-name
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: OIDCConfig
metadata:
   name: my-cluster-name
spec:
    clientId: ""
    groupsClaim: ""
    groupsPrefix: ""
    issuerUrl: "https://x"
    requiredClaims:
      - claim: ""
        value: ""
    usernameClaim: ""
    usernamePrefix: ""

identityProviderRefs (Under Cluster)

List of identity providers you want configured for the Cluster. This would include a reference to the OIDCConfig object with the configuration below.

clientId (required)

  • Description: ClientId defines the client ID for the OpenID Connect client
  • Type: string

groupsClaim (optional)

  • Description: GroupsClaim defines the name of a custom OpenID Connect claim for specifying user groups
  • Type: string

groupsPrefix (optional)

  • Description: GroupsPrefix defines a string to be prefixed to all groups to prevent conflicts with other authentication strategies
  • Type: string

issuerUrl (required)

  • Description: IssuerUrl defines the URL of the OpenID issuer, only HTTPS scheme will be accepted
  • Type: string

requiredClaims (optional)

List of RequiredClaim objects listed below. Only one is supported at this time.

requiredClaims[0] (optional)

  • Description: RequiredClaim defines a key=value pair that describes a required claim in the ID Token
    • claim
      • type: string
    • value
      • type: string
  • Type: object

usernameClaim (optional)

  • Description: UsernameClaim defines the OpenID claim to use as the user name. Note that claims other than the default (‘sub’) is not guaranteed to be unique and immutable
  • Type: string

usernamePrefix (optional)

  • Description: UsernamePrefix defines a string to be prefixed to all usernames. If not provided, username claims other than ‘email’ are prefixed by the issuer URL to avoid clashes. To skip any prefixing, provide the value ‘-’.
  • Type: string

7 - GitOpsConfig configuration

Configuration reference for GitOps cluster management.

GitOps Support (Optional)

EKS Anywhere can create clusters that supports GitOps configuration management with Flux. In order to add GitOps support, you need to configure your cluster by specifying the configuration file with gitOpsRef field when creating or upgrading the cluster. We currently support two types of configurations: FluxConfig and GitOpsConfig.

Flux Configuration

The flux configuration spec has three optional fields, regardless of the chosen git provider.

Flux Configuration Spec Details

systemNamespace (optional)

  • Description: Namespace in which to install the gitops components in your cluster. Defaults to flux-system
  • Type: string

clusterConfigPath (optional)

  • Description: The path relative to the root of the git repository where EKS Anywhere will store the cluster configuration files. Defaults to the cluster name
  • Type: string

branch (optional)

  • Description: The branch to use when committing the configuration. Defaults to main
  • Type: string

EKS Anywhere currently supports two git providers for FluxConfig: Github and Git.

Github provider

Please note that for the Flux config to work successfully with the Github provider, the environment variable EKSA_GITHUB_TOKEN needs to be set with a valid GitHub PAT . This is a generic template with detailed descriptions below for reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: my-cluster-name
  namespace: default
spec:
  ...
  #GitOps Support
  gitOpsRef:
    name: my-github-flux-provider
    kind: FluxConfig
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: FluxConfig
metadata:
  name: my-github-flux-provider
  namespace: default
spec:
  systemNamespace: "my-alternative-flux-system-namespace"
  clusterConfigPath: "path-to-my-clusters-config"
  branch: "main"
  github:
    personal: true
    repository: myClusterGitopsRepo
    owner: myGithubUsername

---

github Configuration Spec Details

repository (required)

  • Description: The name of the repository where EKS Anywhere will store your cluster configuration, and sync it to the cluster. If the repository exists, we will clone it from the git provider; if it does not exist, we will create it for you.
  • Type: string

owner (required)

  • Description: The owner of the Github repository; either a Github username or Github organization name. The Personal Access Token used must belong to the owner if this is a personal repository, or have permissions over the organization if this is not a personal repository.
  • Type: string

personal (optional)

  • Description: Is the repository a personal or organization repository? If personal, this value is true; otherwise, false. If using an organizational repository (e.g. personal is false) the owner field will be used as the organization when authenticating to github.com
  • Default: true
  • Type: boolean

Git provider

Before you create a cluster using the Git provider, you will need to set and export the EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS and EKSA_GIT_PRIVATE_KEY environment variables.

EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS

EKS Anywhere uses the provided known hosts file to verify the identity of the git provider when connecting to it with SSH. The EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS environment variable should be a path to a known hosts file containing entries for the git server to which you’ll be connecting.

For example, if you wanted to provide a known hosts file which allows you to connect to and verify the identity of github.com using a private key based on the key algorithm ecdsa, you can use the OpenSSH utility ssh-keyscan to obtain the known host entry used by github.com for the ecdsa key type. EKS Anywhere supports ecdsa, rsa, and ed25519 key types, which can be specified via the sshKeyAlgorithm field of the git provider config.

ssh-keyscan -t ecdsa github.com >> my_eksa_known_hosts

This will produce a file which contains known-hosts entries for the ecdsa key type supported by github.com, mapping the host to the key-type and public key.

github.com ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 AAAAE2VjZHNhLXNoYTItbmlzdHAyNTYAAAAIbmlzdHAyNTYAAABBBEmKSENjQEezOmxkZMy7opKgwFB9nkt5YRrYMjNuG5N87uRgg6CLrbo5wAdT/y6v0mKV0U2w0WZ2YB/++Tpockg=

EKS Anywhere will use the content of the file at the path EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS to verify the identity of the remote git server, and the provided known hosts file must contain an entry for the remote host and key type.

EKSA_GIT_PRIVATE_KEY

The EKSA_GIT_PRIVATE_KEY environment variable should be a path to the private key file associated with a valid SSH public key registered with your Git provider. This key must have permission to both read from and write to your repository. The key can use the key algorithms rsa, ecdsa, and ed25519.

This key file must have restricted file permissions, allowing only the owner to read and write, such as octal permissions 600.

If your private key file is passphrase protected, you must also set EKSA_GIT_SSH_KEY_PASSPHRASE with that value.

This is a generic template with detailed descriptions below for reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: my-cluster-name
  namespace: default
spec:
  ...
  #GitOps Support
  gitOpsRef:
    name: my-git-flux-provider
    kind: FluxConfig
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: FluxConfig
metadata:
  name: my-git-flux-provider
  namespace: default
spec:
  systemNamespace: "my-alternative-flux-system-namespace"
  clusterConfigPath: "path-to-my-clusters-config"
  branch: "main"
  git:
    repositoryUrl: ssh://git@github.com/myAccount/myClusterGitopsRepo.git
    sshKeyAlgorithm: ecdsa
---

git Configuration Spec Details

repositoryUrl (required)

NOTE: The repositoryUrl value for private SSH repositories is of the format ssh://git@provider.com/$REPO_OWNER/$REPO_NAME.git. This may differ from the default SSH URL given by your provider. For example, the github.com user interface provides an SSH URL containing a : before the repository owner, rather than a /. Make sure to replace this : with a /, if present.

  • Description: The URL of an existing repository where EKS Anywhere will store your cluster configuration and sync it to the cluster. For private repositories, the SSH URL will be of the format ssh://git@provider.com/$REPO_OWNER/$REPO_NAME.git
  • Type: string

sshKeyAlgorithm (optional)

  • Description: The SSH key algorithm of the private key specified via EKSA_PRIVATE_KEY_FILE. Defaults to ecdsa
  • Type: string

Supported SSH key algorithm types are ecdsa, rsa, and ed25519.

Be sure that this SSH key algorithm matches the private key file provided by EKSA_GIT_PRIVATE_KEY_FILE and that the known hosts entry for the key type is present in EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS.

GitOps Configuration

Please note that for the GitOps config to work successfully the environment variable EKSA_GITHUB_TOKEN needs to be set with a valid GitHub PAT . This is a generic template with detailed descriptions below for reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: my-cluster-name
  namespace: default
spec:
  ...
  #GitOps Support
  gitOpsRef:
    name: my-gitops
    kind: GitOpsConfig
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: GitOpsConfig
metadata:
  name: my-gitops
  namespace: default
spec:
  flux:
    github:
      personal: true
      repository: myClusterGitopsRepo
      owner: myGithubUsername
      fluxSystemNamespace: ""
      clusterConfigPath: ""

GitOps Configuration Spec Details

flux (required)

  • Description: our supported gitops provider is flux. This is the only supported value.
  • Type: object

Flux Configuration Spec Details

github (required)

  • Description: github is the only currently supported git provider. This defines your github configuration to be used by EKS Anywhere and flux.
  • Type: object

github Configuration Spec Details

repository (required)

  • Description: The name of the repository where EKS Anywhere will store your cluster configuration, and sync it to the cluster. If the repository exists, we will clone it from the git provider; if it does not exist, we will create it for you.
  • Type: string

owner (required)

  • Description: The owner of the Github repository; either a Github username or Github organization name. The Personal Access Token used must belong to the owner if this is a personal repository, or have permissions over the organization if this is not a personal repository.
  • Type: string

personal (optional)

  • Description: Is the repository a personal or organization repository? If personal, this value is true; otherwise, false. If using an organizational repository (e.g. personal is false) the owner field will be used as the organization when authenticating to github.com
  • Default: true
  • Type: boolean

clusterConfigPath (optional)

  • Description: The path relative to the root of the git repository where EKS Anywhere will store the cluster configuration files.
  • Default: clusters/$MANAGEMENT_CLUSTER_NAME
  • Type: string

fluxSystemNamespace (optional)

  • Description: Namespace in which to install the gitops components in your cluster.
  • Default: flux-system.
  • Type: string

branch (optional)

  • Description: The branch to use when committing the configuration.
  • Default: main
  • Type: string

8 - Proxy configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml specification proxy configuration reference

Proxy support (optional)

You can configure EKS Anywhere to use a proxy to connect to the Internet. This is the generic template with proxy configuration for your reference:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
   name: my-cluster-name
spec:
   ...
   proxyConfiguration:
      httpProxy: http-proxy-ip:port
      httpsProxy: https-proxy-ip:port
      noProxy:
      - list of no proxy endpoints

Configuring Docker daemon

EKS Anywhere will proxy for you given the above configuration file. However, to successfully use EKS Anywhere you will also need to ensure your Docker daemon is configured to use the proxy.

This generally means updating your daemon to launch with the HTTPS_PROXY, HTTP_PROXY, and NO_PROXY environment variables.

For an example of how to do this with systemd, please see Docker’s documentation here .

Configuring EKS Anywhere proxy without config file

For commands using a cluster config file, EKS Anywhere will derive its proxy config from the cluster configuration file.

However, for commands that do not utilize a cluster config file, you can set the following environment variables:

export HTTPS_PROXY=https-proxy-ip:port
export HTTP_PROXY=http-proxy-ip:port
export NO_PROXY=no-proxy-domain.com,another-domain.com,localhost

Proxy Configuration Spec Details

proxyConfiguration (required)

  • Description: top level key; required to use proxy.
  • Type: object

httpProxy (required)

  • Description: HTTP proxy to use to connect to the internet; must be in the format IP:port
  • Type: string
  • Example: httpProxy: 192.168.0.1:3218

httpsProxy (required)

  • Description: HTTPS proxy to use to connect to the internet; must be in the format IP:port
  • Type: string
  • Example: httpsProxy: 192.168.0.1:3218

noProxy (optional)

  • Description: list of endpoints that should not be routed through the proxy; can be an IP, CIDR block, or a domain name
  • Type: list of strings
  • Example
  noProxy:
   - localhost
   - 192.168.0.1
   - 192.168.0.0/16
   - .example.com

9 - Registry Mirror configuration

EKS Anywhere cluster yaml specification for registry mirror configuration

Registry Mirror Support (optional)

You can configure EKS Anywhere to use a private registry as a mirror for pulling the required images.

The following cluster spec shows an example of how to configure registry mirror:

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
   name: my-cluster-name
spec:
   ...
  registryMirrorConfiguration:
    endpoint: <private registry IP or hostname>
    port: <private registry port>
    caCertContent: |
      -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
      MIIF1DCCA...
      ...
      es6RXmsCj...
      -----END CERTIFICATE-----        

Registry Mirror Configuration Spec Details

registryMirrorConfiguration (required)

  • Description: top level key; required to use a private registry.
  • Type: object

endpoint (required)

  • Description: IP address or hostname of the private registry for pulling images
  • Type: string
  • Example: endpoint: 192.168.0.1

port (optional)

  • Description: Port for the private registry. This is an optional field. If a port is not specified, the default HTTPS port 443 is used
  • Type: string
  • Example: port: 443

caCertContent (optional)

  • Description: Certificate Authority (CA) Certificate for the private registry . When using self-signed certificates it is necessary to pass this parameter in the cluster spec.
    It is also possible to configure CACertContent by exporting an environment variable:
    export EKSA_REGISTRY_MIRROR_CA="/path/to/certificate-file"
  • Type: string
  • Example:
    CACertContent: |
      -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
      MIIF1DCCA...
      ...
      es6RXmsCj...
      -----END CERTIFICATE-----  
    

authenticate (optional)

NOTE: Authenticated private registries are only supported for Ubuntu on vSphere currently.

  • Description: Optional field to authenticate with a private registry. When using private registries that require authentication, it is necessary to set this parameter to true in the cluster spec.
  • Type: boolean
  • Example: authenticate: true

To use an authenticated private registry, please also set the following environment variables:

export REGISTRY_USERNAME=<username>
export REGISTRY_PASSWORD=<password>

Import images into a private registry

You can use the download images and import images commands to pull images from public.ecr.aws and push them to your private registry. The download images command also pulls the cilium chart from public.ecr.aws and pushes it to the registry mirror. It requires the registry credentials for performing a login. Set the following environment variables for the login:

export REGISTRY_USERNAME=<username>
export REGISTRY_PASSWORD=<password>
eksctl anywhere download images -o eks-anywhere-images.tar
docker login https://<private registry endpoint>
...
eksctl anywhere import images -i eks-anywhere-images.tar
eksctl anywhere copy packages --bundle ./eksa-bundle.yaml <private registry endpoint> --dst-cert rootCA.pem

Docker configurations

It is necessary to add the private registry’s CA Certificate to the list of CA certificates on the admin machine if your registry uses self-signed certificates.

For Linux , you can place your certificate here: /etc/docker/certs.d/<private-registry-endpoint>/ca.crt

For Mac , you can follow this guide to add the certificate to your keychain: https://docs.docker.com/desktop/mac/#add-tls-certificates

Registry configurations

Depending on what registry you decide to use, you will need to create the following projects:

bottlerocket
eks-anywhere
eks-distro
isovalent
cilium-chart

For example, if a registry is available at private-registry.local, then the following projects will have to be created:

https://private-registry.local/bottlerocket
https://private-registry.local/eks-anywhere
https://private-registry.local/eks-distro
https://private-registry.local/isovalent
https://private-registry.local/cilium-chart