Manage cluster with GitOps

Use Flux to manage clusters with GitOps

NOTE: GitOps support is available for vSphere clusters, but is not yet available for Bare Metal clusters

GitOps Support (optional)

EKS Anywhere supports a GitOps workflow for the management of your cluster.

When you create a cluster with GitOps enabled, EKS Anywhere will automatically commit your cluster configuration to the provided GitHub repository and install a GitOps toolkit on your cluster which watches that committed configuration file. You can then manage the scale of the cluster by making changes to the version controlled cluster configuration file and committing the changes. Once a change has been detected by the GitOps controller running in your cluster, the scale of the cluster will be adjusted to match the committed configuration file.

If you’d like to learn more about GitOps, and the associated best practices, check out this introduction from Weaveworks .

NOTE: Installing a GitOps controller can be done during cluster creation or through upgrade. In the event that GitOps installation fails, EKS Anywhere cluster creation will continue.

Supported Cluster Properties

Currently, you can manage a subset of cluster properties with GitOps:

Management Cluster

Cluster:

  • workerNodeGroupConfigurations.count
  • workerNodeGroupConfigurations.machineGroupRef.name

WorkerNodes VSphereMachineConfig:

  • datastore
  • diskGiB
  • folder
  • memoryMiB
  • numCPUs
  • resourcePool
  • template
  • users

Workload Cluster

Cluster:

  • kubernetesVersion
  • controlPlaneConfiguration.count
  • controlPlaneConfiguration.machineGroupRef.name
  • workerNodeGroupConfigurations.count
  • workerNodeGroupConfigurations.machineGroupRef.name
  • identityProviderRefs (Only for kind:OIDCConfig, kind:AWSIamConfig is immutable)

ControlPlane / Etcd / WorkerNodes VSphereMachineConfig:

  • datastore
  • diskGiB
  • folder
  • memoryMiB
  • numCPUs
  • resourcePool
  • template
  • users

OIDCConfig:

  • clientID
  • groupsClaim
  • groupsPrefix
  • issuerUrl
  • requiredClaims.claim
  • requiredClaims.value
  • usernameClaim
  • usernamePrefix

Any other changes to the cluster configuration in the git repository will be ignored. If an immutable field has been changed in a Git repository, there are two ways to find the error message:

  1. If a notification webhook is set up, check the error message in notification channel.
  2. Check the Flux Kustomization Controller log: kubectl logs -f -n flux-system kustomize-controller-****** for error message containing text similar to Invalid value: 1: field is immutable

Getting Started with EKS Anywhere GitOps with Github

In order to use GitOps to manage cluster scaling, you need a couple of things:

Create a GitHub Personal Access Token

Create a Personal Access Token (PAT) to access your provided GitHub repository. It must be scoped for all repo permissions.

NOTE: GitOps configuration only works with hosted github.com and will not work on a self-hosted GitHub Enterprise instances.

This PAT should have at least the following permissions:

GitHub PAT permissions

NOTE: The PAT must belong to the owner of the repository or, if using an organization as the owner, the creator of the PAT must have repo permission in that organization.

You need to set your PAT as the environment variable $EKSA_GITHUB_TOKEN to use it during cluster creation:

export EKSA_GITHUB_TOKEN=ghp_MyValidPersonalAccessTokenWithRepoPermissions

Create GitOps configuration repo

If you have an existing repo you can set that as your repository name in the configuration. If you specify a repo in your FluxConfig which does not exist EKS Anywhere will create it for you. If you would like to create a new repo you can click here to create a new repo.

If your repository contains multiple cluster specification files, store them in sub-folders and specify the configuration path in your cluster specification.

In order to accommodate the management cluster feature, the CLI will now structure the repo directory following a new convention:

clusters
└── management-cluster
    ├── flux-system
    │   └── ...
    ├── management-cluster
    │   └── eksa-system
    │       └── eksa-cluster.yaml
    ├── workload-cluster-1
    │   └── eksa-system
    │       └── eksa-cluster.yaml
    └── workload-cluster-2
        └── eksa-system
            └── eksa-cluster.yaml

By default, Flux kustomization reconciles at the management cluster’s root level (./clusters/management-cluster), so both the management cluster and all the workload clusters it manages are synced.

Example GitOps cluster configuration for Github

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: mynewgitopscluster
spec:
... # collapsed cluster spec fields
# Below added for gitops support
  gitOpsRef:
    kind: FluxConfig
    name: my-cluster-name
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: FluxConfig
metadata:
  name: my-cluster-name
spec:
    github:
      personal: true
      repository: mygithubrepository
      owner: mygithubusername

Create a GitOps enabled cluster

Generate your cluster configuration and add the GitOps configuration. For a full spec reference see the Cluster Spec reference .

NOTE: After your cluster has been created the cluster configuration will automatically be committed to your git repo.

  1. Create an EKS Anywhere cluster with GitOps enabled.

    CLUSTER_NAME=gitops
    eksctl anywhere create cluster -f ${CLUSTER_NAME}.yaml
    

Enable GitOps in an existing cluster

You can also install Flux and enable GitOps in an existing cluster by running the upgrade command with updated cluster configuration. For a full spec reference see the Cluster Spec reference .

  1. Upgrade an EKS Anywhere cluster with GitOps enabled.

    CLUSTER_NAME=gitops
    eksctl anywhere upgrade cluster -f ${CLUSTER_NAME}.yaml
    

Test GitOps controller

After your cluster has been created, you can test the GitOps controller by modifying the cluster specification.

  1. Clone your git repo and modify the cluster specification. The default path for the cluster file is:

    clusters/$CLUSTER_NAME/eksa-system/eksa-cluster.yaml
    
  2. Modify the workerNodeGroupsConfigurations[0].count field with your desired changes.

  3. Commit the file to your git repository

    git add eksa-cluster.yaml
    git commit -m 'Scaling nodes for test'
    git push origin main
    
  4. The flux controller will automatically make the required changes.

    If you updated your node count, you can use this command to see the current node state.

    kubectl get nodes 
    

Getting Started with EKS Anywhere GitOps with any Git source

You can configure EKS Anywhere to use a generic git repository as the source of truth for GitOps by providing a FluxConfig with a git configuration.

EKS Anywhere requires a valid SSH Known Hosts file and SSH Private key in order to connect to your repository and bootstrap Flux.

Create a Git repository for use by EKS Anywhere and Flux

When using the git provider, EKS Anywhere requires that the configuration repository be pre-initialized. You may re-use an existing repo or use the same repo for multiple management clusters.

Create the repository through your git provider and initialize it with a README.md documenting the purpose of the repository.

Create a Private Key for use by EKS Anywhere and Flux

EKS Anywhere requires a private key to authenticate to your git repository, push the cluster configuration, and configure Flux for ongoing management and monitoring of that configuration. The private key should have permissions to read and write from the repository in question.

It is recommended that you create a new private key for use exclusively by EKS Anywhere. You can use ssh-keygen to generate a new key.

ssh-keygen -t ecdsa -C "my_email@example.com"

Please consult the documentation for your git provider to determine how to add your corresponding public key; for example, if using Github enterprise, you can find the documentation for adding a public key to your github account here .

Add your private key to your SSH agent on your management machine

When using a generic git provider, EKS Anywhere requires that your management machine has a running SSH agent and the private key be added to that SSH agent.

You can start an SSH agent and add your private key by executing the following in your current session:

eval "$(ssh-agent -s)" && ssh-add $EKSA_GIT_PRIVATE_KEY

Create an SSH Known Hosts file for use by EKS Anywhere and Flux

EKS Anywhere needs an SSH known hosts file to verify the identity of the remote git host. A path to a valid known hosts file must be provided to the EKS Anywhere command line via the environment variable EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS.

For example, if you have a known hosts file at /home/myUser/.ssh/known_hosts that you want EKS Anywhere to use, set the environment variable EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS to the path to that file, /home/myUser/.ssh/known_hosts.

export EKSA_GIT_KNOWN_HOSTS=/home/myUser/.ssh/known_hosts

While you can use your pre-existing SSH known hosts file, it is recommended that you generate a new known hosts file for use by EKS Anywhere that contains only the known-hosts entries required for your git host and key type. For example, if you wanted to generate a known hosts file for a git server located at example.com with key type ecdsa, you can use the OpenSSH utility ssh-keyscan:

ssh-keyscan -t ecdsa example.com >> my_eksa_known_hosts

This will generate a known hosts file which contains only the entry necessary to verify the identity of example.com when using an ecdsa based private key file.

Example FluxConfig cluster configuration for a generic git provider

For a full spec reference see the Cluster Spec reference .

NOTE: The repositoryUrl value is of the format ssh://git@provider.com/$REPO_OWNER/$REPO_NAME.git. This may differ from the default SSH URL given by your provider. For Example, the github.com user interface provides an SSH URL containing a : before the repository owner, rather than a /. Make sure to replace this : with a /, if present.

apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: mynewgitopscluster
spec:
... # collapsed cluster spec fields
# Below added for gitops support
  gitOpsRef:
    kind: FluxConfig
    name: my-cluster-name
---
apiVersion: anywhere.eks.amazonaws.com/v1alpha1
kind: FluxConfig
metadata:
  name: my-cluster-name
spec:
    git:
      repositoryUrl: ssh://git@provider.com/myAccount/myClusterGitopsRepo.git
      sshKeyAlgorithm: ecdsa